The sea means much for the industrial Northeast. The coast northward from Long Island borders on one of the world’s “fish bowls”, and the area is rich in the tiny plants and animals that support a fish life. Along this coast there are many little fishing towns and several busy fishing ports. The sea also means white sand beaches to which millions of city people go for summer holidays. The largest seaports of the region are Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. These four cities are not only important ports but also leading industrial centers. On the map Philadelphia appears to lie inland, but itRead More →

The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle Manhattan. To protect themselves from attacks, they built a sturdy wooden wall. Although it is now long gone, this wall gave its name to a street in Lower Manhattan and the street, in turn, became synonymous with American capitalism. The street, of course, is Wall Street. The New York Stock Exchange and the American Stock Exchange are both located in the Wall Street area. So there are many stock brokers, investment and other banks, as well as headquarters of many large corporations. To escape the commotion of Wall Street you can visit the nearby South Street Seaport,Read More →

Sport is probably as old as the humanity itself. It has been developing with the developing and growth of the mankind. To my mind we can hardly overestimate the meaning of sport in our life and day-to-day activities, because its main purpose is to bring up the harmoniously developed generation – the generation of strong and healthy people. Sport makes our bodies strong, quickens our reaction, and shapes the wits. It also prevents us from getting too fat, gives us so valuable practice in making eyes, brain and muscles work together and makes us more self-organized and better disciplined. I’m absolutely sure that doing sportsRead More →

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Historians have accepted the year of 1147 as the start of Moscow’s history. Gradually the city became more and more powerful. In the 13th century Moscow was the centre of the straggle of Russian lands for the liberation from the tartar yoke. In the 16th century under Ivan the Terrible Moscow became the capital of the new united state. Though Peter the Great moved the capital to St Petersburg in 1712, Moscow remained the heart of Russia. That is why it becameRead More →

Майкл Фарадей – один из величайших ученых в области изучения электричества. Он родился 22 сентября 1791 в Южном Лондоне. Его семья была бедной, и он получил лишь начальное образование. В возрасте 14 он поступил учеником к местному переплетчику и в течение следующих 7 лет занимался самообразованием, читая книги по различным научным дисциплинам. В 1812 году Фарадей посетил 4 лекции химика Хамфри Дэви в Королевском институте. Он также просил его о работе ассистента, но был отклонен. Однако в 1818 Дэви дал ему работу химического ассистента в Королевском институте. Год спустя Фарадей был приглашен сопровождать Дэви в 18 месячном европейском турне, где они должны были встретиться сRead More →

For some people there is nothing so exciting as traveling, and I’m not an exception. And I’m happy that I have traveled a lot and I hope that my first journey wasn’t the last one. First I bought a ticket for plane. Many people think, that nothing can be compared with traveling by air, because it is the most comfortable, and, of course, the quickest way of moving. There is none of the dust and dirt of a railway or car journey, none of the trouble of changing from train of another to streamer and then to another train. But booking tickets in summer isRead More →

Long ago ancient Greeks often waged wars. Small states suffered and lost much even if they did not take any side and stayed out of wars. The ruler of such a small state, Elis, wanted to live in peace with all neighbours. He was a good diplomat because his negotiations were successful and Elis was recognized a neutral state. To celebrate this achievement, he organized athletic games. In the beginning this feast lasted one day, but later a whole month was devoted to it. All wars and feuds were stopped by special heralds who rode in all directions of Greece. The games were held everyRead More →

Charlotte Bronte was born in a small town in England in 1816. Charlotte and her sisters, Emily and Ann had a very hard life, from early childhood they knew poverty and very hard work. Charlotte received her education at an orphanage. After that she worked as a governess and a teacher. The works of Charlotte Bronte, together with Charles Dickens, William Thackery and Elisabeth Gaskell are considered to belong to the fine school of Englishrealism ofthe first half of the 19th century. In her works she wrote about the society she lived in and criticized it. Her first novel The Professor was published only afterRead More →

Больше всего я люблю смотреть фильмы в кинотеатре. Мне нравится быть там, сидеть в этих удобных креслах, но больше всего мне нравится большой экран. Я думаю, это самое важное, и, кроме того, звук в кинотеатре гораздо лучше, чем дома, благодаря чему мне очень нравится смотреть что-то эпическое или же хороший боевик именно в кино, и на это не жалко потратить время. В кинотеатре есть своя магия. Ты сидишь в зале со своими друзьями, смотришь на их реакцию, болтаешь с ними перед началом фильма. И тут фильм начинается, выключается свет, и ты сидишь там с попкорном и напитками. Последний раз мы ходили в кино смотреть “ИсториюRead More →

Since the first automobile was introduced to our life, we can notice that there are a lot of changes happened around us. As a modern transportation, it not only brings convenience to our daily life, but also enhances the efficiency. One of advantages of using automobiles is that it can give the users much more convenience compared with other transportations, such as bikes or buss. For me, I like to go to the supermarket once per week and normally buy many foods at one time. Can you imagine that I need to carry a lot of foodstuff and maybe take a crowded bus to reachRead More →

История Макдоналдса уходит своими корнями в 1937 год, когда два брата Дик и Марк открыли свой собственный маленький ресторан в Калифорнии, где продавались хот-доги и молочные коктейли. К 1945 году у них было уже 20 официантов. Гамбургеры были чрезвычайно популярны среди подростков в городе. В 1948 в ресторане появились пластиковые коробки и пакеты для гамбургеров. Это способствовало снижению цены с 30 до 15 центов. В официантах больше не было необходимости, заведение стало работать по системе самообслуживания. Покупать еду стало удобнее – дешевле и быстрее. В 1960 году компания Макдоналдс уже владела крупной сетью ресторанов на всей территории Соединенных Штатов. В 1971 братья открыли новые рестораныRead More →

Is progress always good? Scientific progress brings us many conveniences and advanced machines, such as computers, automobiles, and so on. Progress seems to have made life simpler and more comfortable. But if we analyze it carefully, we will find that progress is not always good. Modern industry brings us many conveniences. But at the same time, some problems emerge. For example, “the green-house effect” is a very serious problem that scientists try to solve. It increases the earth”s temperature, causes icebergs to melt and the ocean level to become higher and higher. Maybe someday the oceans will swallow some big cities nearby them. Progress enhancesRead More →

To begin with I’d like to say that the Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one seventh of the earth’s surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders with China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders with Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Byelorussia, the Ukraine. It also has a seaboard with USA. We have steppes in theRead More →

At the outside, it might seem obvious that jobs are just to earn our daily bread. But as we explore the facts beyond the selection of job, there are myriad of factors that go together in selecting a job. Earning money might be a priority because no one likes to live in penury, but it is not the only determining factor. I feel that the selection of a job based on remuneration might be a priority for entry-level aspirants who are in searching for their first job. But once people climb up the corporate ladder there are other factors one looks for. Going by myRead More →

“Global warming” has been introduced by the scientific community and the media as the term that encompasses all potential changes in climate that result from higher average global temperatures. Hundreds of scientists from many different countries are working to understand global warming and have come to a consensus on several important aspects. In general, Global warming will produce far more profound climatic changes than simply a rise in global temperature. An analysis of temperature records shows that the Earth has warmed an average of 0.5°C over the past 100 years. This is consistent with predictions of global warming due to an enhanced greenhouse effect andRead More →

Everybody talks about a conflict between generations. This is a well-known expression, used as an explanation for misunderstandings between people of different ages. Although sometimes this is an excuse for not recognizing who is wrong or right, it is certain that every generation of people is different in important ways. Even though everybody probably thinks this way, the differences between my generation and my parents” generation are striking. The technological progress is a certain cause for these differences. My parents did not have access to information as teenagers nowadays have. Television, for example, was a luxury that not many people could have afforded, and evenRead More →

If a student only has one vacation each year, even that is a long vacation, he or she will have to have a long boring school term after the vacation. I believe that students should have several short vacations throughout the year for several reasons. The first reason is that several short vacations mean several short school terms. The schools can arrange all year”s curricula in several short terms more clearly, more efficiently and more effectively. Every subject will have a clear start and end, and can be taught intensely. Otherwise, it will be very difficult to arrange so many subjects in one long term.Read More →

People began to travel ages ago. The very first travellers were explorers who went on trips to find wealth, fame or something else. Their journeys were very dangerous but still people keep on going to the unknown lands. Nowadays it is not as dangerous and much more convenient. Do you want to go somewhere? Hundreds of companies are there to help you. They will take care about your tickets and make all the reservations needed. You don’t speak the language of the country you go to? There are interpreters that will help you. With modern services you can go around the world. You can chooseRead More →

Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin was born on the 9th of March, 1934. He was born in the village of Klushino in the Smolensk region. Yuri was an active, brave and curious boy. His father was jack of all trades and he helped his son when Yura made toy planes by hand. But the war began. Yuri Gagarin and his mother, father, brother and sister left their house and had to live in a dug-out. After the war Gagarin’s family moved to Gzhatsk. Now it is Gagarin. It was named after the first cosmonaut. In 1951 Gagarin graduated from a vocational school in Lyubertsy near Moscow. YuriRead More →

Friendship is the most beautiful thing in the whole wide world. Money, on the other hand, is the most essential thing in the whole wide world. So, while dealing with these two very important and sensitive things, one has to be very careful. Before giving my opinion about the topic, I would like to discuss with you some of the reasons which can harm the friendship and some which do not harm friendship. Friendship is a relationship based on give and take. So, as long as there is both give and take, I do not think there would be any fear of harming the friendship.Read More →

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