Времена группы Future in the Past /Будущее в прошедшем


Future in the Past Tenses – употребляются в придаточных дополнительных, зависящих от главного со сказуемым в прошедшем времени, для выражения будущего действия.

Образование времен Future in the Past

Все формы Future in the Past образуются аналогично соответствующим формам Future с заменой shall и will формами should и would.

В разговорной речи используются сокращения:
Would=’d
Should=’d
They’d have played.
Should not=shouldn’t=’d not
I should’t have played=I’d not have played.
Would=wouldn’t=’d not
She wouldn’t be playing. = She’d not have played.
Shouldn’t I have played?
Wouldn’t he have played?

Future in the Past Simple

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма Вопросительно-отрицательная форма
I should play
He would play
We should play
You would play
They would play
I should not play
He would not play
We should not play
You would not play
They would not play
Should I play?
Would he play?
Should we play?
Would you play?
Would they play?
Should I not play?
Would he not play?
Should we not play?
Would you not play?
Would they not play?

Future


in the Past Continuous

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма Вопросительно-отрицательная форма
I should be playing
He would be playing
We should be playing
You would be playing
They would be playing
I should not be playing
He would not be playing
We should not be playing
You would not be playing
They would not be playing
Should I be playing?
Would he be playing?
Should we be playing?
Would you be playing?
Would they be playing?
Should I not be playing?
Would he not be playing?
Should we not be playing?
Would you not be playing?
Would they not be playing?

Future in the Past Perfect

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма Вопросительно-отрицательная форма
I should have played
He would have played
We should have played
You would have played
They would have played
I should not have played
He would not have played
We should not have played
You would not have played
They would not have played
Should I have played?
Would he have played?
Should we have played?
Would you have played?
Would they have played?
Should I not have played?
Would he not have played?
Should we not have played?
Would you not have played?
Would they not have played?

Future in the Past Perfect Continuous

Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма Вопросительно-отрицательная форма
I should have been playing
He would have been playing
We should have been playing
You would have been playing
They would have been playing
I should not have been playing
He would not have been playing
We should not have been playing
You would not have been playing
They would not have been playing
Should I have been playing?
Would he have been playing?
Should we have been playing?
Would you have been playing?
Would they have been playing?
Should I not have been playing?
Would he not have been playing?
Should we not have been playing?
Would you not have been playing?
Would they not have been playing?
Употребление времен Future in the Past

1. Future in the Past Simple употребляется для выражения простых, обычных действий или последовательности действий в будущем, обозреваемое в прошлом.

He said he would soon take up French. – Он сказал, что скоро подтянет французский.

2. Future in the Past Continuous употребляется для выражения длительного действия, которое произойдет в определенный момент в будущем, или будущего действия, вытекающего из обстоятельств. Оба действия соотносятся с прошлым.

And she thought that at this time next Sunday she would be approaching her beloved Paris. – И она думала, что в это же время в следующее воскресенье она уже будет подъезжать к своему любимому Парижу.

3. Future in the Past Perfect употребляется для выражения действия, которое завершится к определенному моменту в будущем относительно прошлого.

He realized that he would have finished his task long before midnight. – Он понял, что закончит работу задолго до наступления полночи.

4. Future in the Past Perfect Continuous употребляется для выражения длительного действия, которое начнется до определенного момента в будущем относительно прошлого и продлиться до этого момента или все еще будет продолжаться в момент. Данная форма употребляется редко даже в книжном стиле.

He said he would have been living here for ten years next year. – Он сказал, что будет здесь жить уже 10 лет в следующем году.

Примечание: Несмотря на то, что времена Future in the Past обозначают будущие действия, действительное время этих действий может быть намного шире.
I said I should come today, and so I’m here!




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Времена группы Future in the Past /Будущее в прошедшем