Additional information relative clauses

Предлоги + whom / which

В частях с ‘дополнительной информацией’ вы можете употреблять предлоги перед словами whom и which, то есть вы можете сказать to whom, with whom, about which, for which и т. д.:

– Mr. Carter, to whom I spoke on the phone last night, is very interested in our plan.

– Fortunately we had a map, without which we would have got lost.

Однако в разговорном английском мы часто ставим предлог после глагола в уточняющей части предложения. Когда мы так делаем, то обычно употребляем who :

– This is Mr. Carter, who I was telling you about.

– Yesterday we visited the city museum, which I’d never been to before.

All of / most of и т. д. + whom / which



– Jack has three brothers, all of whom are married.

– Ann has a lot of books, most of which she hasn’t read.

Вы также можете сказать:

None of/many of/much of/ few of/some of/any of/half of/each of/both of/neither of/either of/one of/two of и т. д.

+ whom

+ which

– He tried on three jackets, none of which fitted him.

– Two men, neither of whom I had seen before, came into my office.


Рассмотрите пример:

– Jim passed his driving test, which surprised everybody.

В этом примере which = тот факт, что он прошел тест по вождению. Нельзя употреблять what вместо which в таких предложениях:

– She couldn’t come to the party, which was a pity.

– The weather was very good, which we hadn’t expected. .

Additional information relative clauses