If and wish sentences

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Last month Mary didn’t feel well. Ted didn’t know this, so he didn’t go to see her. After Mary got better they met again.

Ted said:

– If I had known that you were ill, I would have visited you.

В прошлом месяце Мэри плохо себя чувствовала. Тэд не знал об этом, поэтому не навестил ее. Они встретились снова, когда Мэри выздоровела.

Тэд говорит:

– If I had known…

Когда вы говорите о прошлом, используйте past perfect после if.

– If I had known you were in Paris, I would have shown you the city.

– I would have gone out with you if I hadn’t had so much work.

If he had been looking where he was going, he wouldn’t have walked into the wall.

Никогда не употребляйте would в условной части предложения:

– If I had met you yesterday, I would have invited you to the party.

Как would так и had могут быть сокращены до ‘d:

– If I’d met you, I’d have invited you to the party.

Вы также должны использовать past perfect после wish, когда вы сожалеете о чем-то, что случилось в прошлом:

– I wish I had known that Tim was ill. I would have come to see him.

– I feel sick. I wish I hadn’t eaten fish for dinner.

– Do you wish you had studied maths instead of languages?

– The weather was terrible.

We wish it had been warmer.

Никогда не используйте would have после wish:

– We wish it had been warmer.

Would have – это форма прошедшего времени от would :

– If she had gone to the party yesterday, she would be tired now.

– If she had gone to the party yesterday, she would have seen us.

Вместо would have можно использовать might have и could have:

– If we’d trained harder, we might have won.

– We could have gone out if it hadn’t been raining.

If and wish sentences