Prefer and would rather

Prefer to do и prefer doing

Чтобы сказать о предпочтении говорят `prefer to do’ или `prefer doing’.

Выражение `Prefer to do’ более употребительно:

– I don’t like cities. I prefer to live in the country.

Запомните различие конструкций:

I prefer something to something else

Но: I prefer to do something rather than something else

– I prefer that coat to the coat you were wearing yesterday.

– Tom prefers driving to travelling by train.

Но: Tom prefers to drive rather than travel by train.

– I prefer to live in the country rather than in a city.

Would prefer

Чтобы выразить предпочтение в конкретной ситуации применяют `would prefer to do’:

– `Would you prefer tea or coffee?’ `Coffee, please.’

`Shall we go by train?’ `Well, I’d prefer to go by car.’

Отметьте конструкцию:

I’d prefer to do something rather than something else

– I’d prefer to stay at home tonight rather than go to the cinema.

Would rather = would prefer to do.

Инфинитив после would rather используется без to.

Сравните:

Shall we go by train?

Well, I’d prefer to go by car.

Well, I’d rather go by car.

– `Would you rather have tea or coffee?’ `Coffee, please.’

– I’m tired. I’d rather not go out this evening, if you don’t mind.

– `Do you want to go

out this evening?’ `I’d rather not.’

Отметьте конструкцию:

I’d rather do something than something else

– I’d rather stay at home than go to the cinema.

Would rather someone did something

Когда хотят, чтобы кто-либо другой что-либо сделал, говорят I’d rather did…/ I’d rather he did…и т. д. В конструкции иcпользуется прошедшее время, но значение этой конструкции – настоящее или будущее время, но не прошедшее.

Сравните:

I’d rather cook the dinner now.

I’d rather you cooked the dinner now.

– `Shall I stay here?’ `Well, I’d rather you came with us.’

– I’d rather you didn’t tell anyone what I said.

– `Do you mind if I smoke?’ `I’d rather you didn’t.’




Prefer and would rather