Relative clauses cluses with or without who/that

Взгляните еще раз на примеры:

– The man who lived next door was a sailor.

– Where are the eggs that were in the fridge?

В этих предложениях who и that являются ПОДЛЕЖАЩИМИ, сказуемые которых находятся в уточняющей части предложения: мужчина живет по-соседству, яйца были в холодильнике. В этих предложениях who или that нельзя опускать.

Иногда who и that являются ДОПОЛНЕНИЯМИ при глаголах в уточняющей части предложения:

The man – I wanted to see him – was away on holiday

– The man who I wanted to see was away on holiday.

Have you found the keys? – you lost them

– Have you found the keys that you lost?

Когда who или that являются

глагольными дополнениями в уточняющей части предложения, тогда вы можете их опускать:

– The man I wanted to see was away on holiday.

– Have you found the keys you lost?

– The work Fred did was not difficult.

– The man Jess is going to marry is Italian.

– Is there anything I can do?

В относительных придаточных предложениях часто употребляются предлоги. Рассмотрите положение этих предлогов в следующих предложениях:

Do you know the girl? – Tom is talking to her

– Do you know the girl Tom is talking to?

The bed – I slept in it last night – wasn’t very comfortable

The bed I slept in last night wasn’t very comfortable.

– The man I sat next to on the plane was very strange.

– Are these the letters you couldn’t find?

– The girl he fell in love with lives in Pensacola.

What не употребляется вместо that:

– Everything he promised was done.

– I gave her all the love I had.

What = the thing that:

– Will he do what I said?

– No-one will learn what has happened.



Relative clauses cluses with or without who/that