Relative clauses – whose, whom and where

Whose

Мы употребляем whose в уточняющих частях предложения вместо his/her/their:

We saw some people

Their

Car had broken down

We saw some people

Whose

Car had broken down.

Чаще всего мы употребляем whose, когда говорим о людях:

– A widow is a woman whose husband is dead.

– What’s the name of the girl whose car you borrowed?

– The other day I met someone whose brother I went to school with.

Употребление whom вместо who возможно, когда оно выступает дополнением к глаголу в уточняющей части предложения :

– The man whom I wanted to see was away on

holiday.

Вы также можете употреблять whom с предлогами :

– The girl with whom he fell in love left him after a few weeks.

Однако мы редко употребляем whom. В разговорном английском who и that более предпочтительны. :

– The man I wanted to see…

– The girl he fell in love with…

Where

Когда уточняющая часть предложения говорит о местонахождении, вы можете употребить where:

The hotel – we stayed

There

– wasn’t very clean

– The hotel

Where

We stayed wasn’t

very clean.

– I recently went back to the town where I was born. I was born in’)

– I would like to live in a country where there is plenty of sunshine.

Мы употребляем that, когда говорим the day/the year/the time :

– Do you still remember the day we first met?

– The last time I saw her, she looked very well.

– I haven’t seen them since the year they got married.

Вы можете сказать the reason why something happens или the reason that something happens.

Вы также можете опустить why и that в этих предложениях:

– The reason I’m phoning you is to invite you to a party.



Relative clauses – whose, whom and where