School/ the school, prison/ the prison etc

Рассмотрите пример со словом prison:

Jack robbed a bank. He was caught by the police. He is in prison now. His wife Jill goes to the prison to visit him. She was in the prison yesterday.

Кто-то садится в тюрьму или находится в ней, если он преступник. Но Jill не преступница. Она не в тюрьме. Jill ходит туда в качестве посетителя.

Следующие слова употребляются по такому же принципу: hospital, university, school, church.

Мы говорим, что преступник отправился to prison. Ребенок ходит to school, студент to university. Мы не употребляем the, когда имеем в виду эти места как общие понятия, то, для чего они предназначены.

Сравните:

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Общее понятие мест

Конкретное место

I left school and went to university.

This lady goes to church every day.

Jack had a heart attack. He is in hospital now.

Will you show me the university?

We went to the church to take a photo.

Jack’s daughter is at the hospital.

Запомните: in prison и at school/ university/ college.

Со словом сhurch возможно употреблять оба предлога: in church и at church.

Bed, work, home.

Go to bed/ to be in bed и т. д. :

– Go to bed at once! – Are the children all in bed?

Но:

– Put the book on the bed.

To work / be at work / start work / finish work и т. д. :

– Why don’t you go to work? – What time does he start work?

Go home / come home / be at home / stay at home и т. д. :

– Let’s stay at home. – Are you going home?

В выражениях go/come/get home НЕ ставится предлог, но возможны выражения: arrive home и arrive at home.



School/ the school, prison/ the prison etc