Some and any Some/ any + – one/ – body/ – thing/ – where

Обычно some применяют в утвердительном предложении, а any – в отрицательном и в вопросах :

– Sue has caught some flies. – We haven’t got any money.

– I’ve got something tasty to eat. – He’s busy. He never has any time.

– Let’s go somewhere quiet. – She never goes anywhere.

– She refused to do anything.

Any / anyone / anything и т. д. часто используются после if:

– If there are any calls for me, can you say that I’m not home?

– If anyone has any questions, ask now.

– If you want anything, say it to the servant, he’ll do everything.

В предложениях без if, но смысл в них тот же:

– Anyone who wants to get this job must give me their names before Tuesday.

– I’ll welcome any

guests that will come to you.

В вопросительных предложениях обычно употребляется местоимение any :

– Have you got any coffee? – Has anybody called me?

Но some часто используется в вопросах, когда ожидаемым ответом является `yes’:

– What’s wrong with him? Has he got some troubles?

– She’s in a hurry. Is she going out somewhere?

И в вопросах, особенно когда мы предлагаем или просим о чем-либо:

– Would you like some work? – Can I have some of those vegetables?

Any /anyone /anybody /anything /anywhere могут означать it doesn’t matter which /who /what /where:

– You can buy any of these suits.

Call me any time you need.

– You can have anything you want for your birthday present.

– She left the child in the street. Anybody could have walked off with it.

– I’d rather go anywhere than stay at home.

– `Tell me a story.’ `What story shall I tell?’ `Any one. I don’t mind.’

Someone /somebody /anyone /anybody используются, как слова в единственном числе:

– Someone wants to talk with you.

– Is anybody home?

Но часто they / them / their используются после этих слов вместо he/ she:

– If anyone needs to leave, they can.

– Somebody has spilt their coffee on the carpet.

Some and any Some/ any + – one/ – body/ – thing/ – where